HAVANA - As Cubans finally face the prospects of calmer
relationships and greater ease of communication and commerce
with the United States, Pope Francis told the Cuban people
that love and service, not anyone's ideology, are the keys to
"We do not serve ideas, we serve people," the pope told
hundreds of thousands of people gathered in Havana's
Revolution Square for Mass Sept. 20.
For decades the square has been the site of major communist
government rallies and is dominated by a huge image of
Ernesto "Che" Guevara, an Argentine Marxist who became a
leader in the Cuban Revolution of the 1950s.
The image of Che was prominent at the pope's Mass, but so was
a banner proclaiming Pope Francis a "missionary of mercy" and
an even bigger image of the merciful Jesus.
After decades of communism, Mass attendance in Cuba is low;
even the Vatican reports that only 60 percent of the
population is baptized Catholic. But as a sign of the pope's
hopes for the growth of the church in Cuba, he granted an
exception to his normal practice of personally giving
Communion only to the altar servers and other ministers at
his public Masses. Five Cuban children received their first
Communion from the pope at the Mass.
In his homily, Pope Francis focused on an aspect of Jesus'
ministry that he tries to imitate: First of all, identify the
good in a person, then help or challenge him or her to build
on that good instinct or behavior.
Using the normal Sunday Mass readings, the pope's homily was
a reflection on the Gospel passage from St. Mark in which the
disciples are arguing about who among them is the greatest,
and Jesus asks what they were discussing.
"We, too, can be caught up in these same arguments: Who is
the most important?" the pope said.
"I remember more than once, at family gatherings, children
being asked: 'Who do you love more, Mommy or Daddy?'" he
said. "It's like asking them: 'Who is the most important for
In the lives of individuals and nations, he said, the
question of who is most important can take on historic
importance because it motivates action and choices. "The
history of humanity has been marked by the answer we give to
this question," he said.
"Jesus is not afraid of people's questions; he is not afraid
of our humanity or the different things we are looking for,"
Pope Francis told the crowd, which had filled the square
before the sun came up. "He knows the 'twists and turns' of
the human heart, and, as a good teacher, he is always ready
to encourage and support us."
Jesus takes "our searching, our aspirations, and he gives
them a new horizon" and challenges people, he said. Jesus
sets aside the "right answers" and replaces them with the
standard of love as the measure of all.
Love, he said, is lived in a concrete commitment to caring
for others - especially the most vulnerable. It does not see
superiority, or the best jobs with the best benefits and it
is not about helping just "my people" or "our people," he
said. Such an attitude always leads to judging and excluding
some people as outsiders.
"Being a Christian entails promoting the dignity of our
brothers and sisters, fighting for it, living for it," he
Pope Francis said he knows the Cuban people and the Catholic
Church in Cuba have suffered. Yet, he said, they still know
how to celebrate, to praise God and to serve others.
The greatness of a people and a nation, he said, is how it
serves the vulnerable.
Cardinal Jaime Ortega Alamino of Havana addressed the pope at
the end of the Mass "in the name of the Cuban people - the
Catholics and many other believers, as well as nonbelievers.
Thank you for coming to visit our land, our beloved Cuba;
thank you for sowing with your pontificate, good and
necessary questions in our consciences, which had been
sleeping and accustomed to mediocrity."
He particularly thanked the pope "for promoting the process
of renewing relations between Cuba and the United States,
which will bring such benefit to our people."
Normal, friendly and cooperative relations, the cardinal
said, should reach not just the highest political levels in
both countries, but also promote reconciliation between
people in Cuba and Cubans who emigrated.
"Only love and forgiveness among us will be a valid means for
a true and peaceful renewal of our Cuban nation," the